January 1, 2019
In 2018, several maritime companies and agencies were hard at work, introducing a slate of new vessels and tugboats to help power the supply chain and carry out the important work of seafarers, scientists and safety personnel.
For many companies, they are welcomed additions to already powerful fleets, while others shored up aging fleets with the next generation of state-of-the-art vessels.
Here's a look at the newest vessels and tugs that are going the distance:
Daniel K. Inouye
In October, Matson, Inc. received the Daniel K. Inouye, the first of a pair of new Aloha Class containerships built for the company's Hawaii service.
Named after the late longtime US Senator from Hawaii, the Daniel K. Inouye is considered the biggest containership built in the US weighing more than 51,400 metric tons, according to Matson.
The 850-foot long vessel can carry 3,600 TEU and can move at a top speed of 23 knots.
"This new ship, our fifth delivered by Philly Shipyard, is the product of a great partnership with the Philly team in designing and constructing a new class of containership that will set a new standard for cargo delivery in the Hawaii trade," said Matson president Ron Forest,
Its first voyage was through the Panama Canal to Oakland before entering commercial service in November, according to Matson.
Matson commissioned Aker Philadelphia Shipyard Inc. in 2013 to build the vessels to allow for a mix of cargo and bolster its capacity for moving refrigerated cargo and 45-foot containers.
The new ships feature sustainable elements, including "a fuel efficient hull design, dual fuel engines, environmentally safe double hull fuel tanks and fresh water ballast systems," according to Matson.
Foss Maritime subsidiary AmNav of San Francisco is using Brusco Tug & Barge's newest vessel, the Teresa Brusco, a tri-colored compact tug powered with Caterpillar 3512-series engines with 4,750 HP at 1,600 rpm. It features Rolls-Royce US 205 z-drives and a bollard pull exceeding 60 long tons.
Designed by Robert Allan Ltd. and built by Diversified Marine, the Teresa Brusco was delivered in late 2017 and is the latest in a line of tugs Allan designed for Brusco, a Longview, Washington company.
AmNav started using the Teresa Brusco last June to help dock container ships in Tacoma. The tug has been praised for its maneuverability in tight spaces.
New Kāpena Vessels
Young Brothers, another independent Foss subsidiary based in Honolulu, has four new Kāpena (Hawaiian for "captain") vessels: the Kāpena Jack Young, which was christened in June; the Kāpena Raymond Alapa'I, which was launched in October; the Kāpena George Panui Sr. and Kāpena George Panui Jr., christened in November; and the Kāpena Bob Purdy, scheduled to be christened in late 2018.
Each named after an original Young Brothers' captain, the 6,000 horsepower Kāpena tugs are 123 feet by 36.5 feet, have General Electric 8L250MDC engines, are EPA Tier IV emissions compliant and have engines that can recirculate exhaust gas.
All were designed by Damen USA and built in Louisiana by Conrad Shipyard to serve neighbor islands, giving the Young Brothers' fleet the ability to move "just-in-time" cargo and making service more efficient and more sustainable. Their home port will be in Kaunakakai, Moloka'i.
"The four new Kāpena class tugs, represent our future while honoring our past," said Joe Boivin, president of Young Brothers. "Once in service, the average age of our fleet will be reduced from an average age of 44 years to 12 years young. The new tugs reinforce our commitment to safety, environmental stewardship and customer service."
Foss President and CEO John Parrott said he was impressed by the new tugs.
"We worked with Young Brothers to research various tug hull designs, engines, and towing equipment options," he said. "The construction of these new tugs supports Young Brothers' in providing reliable, affordable and frequent services throughout the Hawaiian islands – now and in the future."
Cutter Joseph Gerczak
In March, the US Coast Guard commissioned the Cutter Joseph Gerczak, a 154-foot fast response cutter that will service the main Hawaiian Islands.
The second of three cutters to arrive by 2019, the Joseph Gerczak is one of 58 fast-response cutters that will be used instead of smaller, 110-foot Island-class patrol boats.
Outfitted with state-of-the-art communications, surveillance, and reconnaissance equipment, the new cutters will be able to launch and recover standardized small boats from the stern.
The trio of cutters – which will be involved in various missions, including national defense, search and rescue and drug enforcement – are expected to increase the agency's presence on the water by 40 percent by providing more than 7,500 operational hours, according to the Coast Guard.
"We are excited to continue the legacy of selfless service to the American people established by Signalman 3rd Class Joseph Gerczak by conducting various Coast Guard missions, including search and rescue, law enforcement and maritime safety and security in and around the Hawaiian Islands," said Lt. Colin McKee, commanding officer of Cutter Joseph Gerczak.
Cutter Forrest Rednour
The Coast Guard in November also commissioned the first of four 154-foot Fast Response Cutters to be based in San Pedro, California, by summer 2019.
The Cutter Forrest Rednour – California's first FRC – will be part of various missions throughout the 11th Coast Guard District, which encompasses California and international waters near Mexico and Central America.
"This cutter is specifically designed to face today's threats in the maritime domain," said. Rear Adm. Peter Gautier, the 11th Coast Guard District commander. "This cutter is faster, goes further and can do more than any other Coast Guard patrol boat."
The vessel – which can approach speeds of 28 knots – is named after Forrest Rednour, who helped save 133 people in February 1943 during the sinking of the USAT Dorchester and earned the Purple Heart and Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his bravery. He would die a few months later, in the sinking of the Coast Guard Cutter Escanaba.
Dunlap Towing Company's newest fleet member is the Sigrid Dunlap, a SOLAS class and IMO-certified tug that arrived in Honolulu in November.
Designed by Hockema Whalen Myers Associates and built by Hansen Boat Company in Marysville, Washington, the Sigrid Dunlap is 121 feet, 6 inches long with a beam of 38 feet and is equipped with two CAT C175-16 EPA Marine Tier III engines developing a total of 5,350 horsepower and more than 90 tons of bollard pull.
"The Sigrid's hull design is suited to transit the relatively shallow rivers of Alaska as well as cross the ocean to Hawaii and beyond," said Meghan Rice, assistant controller at Dunlap. "She is equipped to meet the regulatory advancements of the last 17 years since her sister ship, the Phyllis Dunlap was built."
Rice added that Dunlap is building another Phyllis class tug, which is expected for delivery in 2020 and it will be nearly identical to the Sigrid with EPA Marine Tier III engines and SOLAS certified.
In September, Tidewater Canada subsidiary Island Tug and Barge in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, launched and christened its newest articulated tug in the fleet, Island Raider.
"Today, not only do we celebrate the christening of the Island Raider, we also celebrate the amazing men and women from ITB and our valuable vendors who designed, project-managed, and supplied the state-of-the-art components for this technologically-advanced tug," said Tidewater Canada, Inc. president Bob Curcio. "This tug will ensure continued services to our Island Tug and Barge clients for many years in the future."
The new tug is equipped with two John Deere 4045 AFM85 generators, a JRC automatic identification system (AIS), radar, electronic chart display, and weather station; Alphatron Marine bridge navigation watch alarm system, and twin Cummins KTA38M 634 KW engines, which provide the main propulsion for the 24-meter (length) by 12.5 meter (beam) Island Raider, producing 850 HP each at 1,800 rpm.
Through carbon fiber shafts, the main engines link to a pair of 1,600 mm, 4-bladed in-nozzle Rolls Royce US105 FP azimuthing thrusters (Z-drives), which can turn 360 degrees for "maximum thrust in any direction and enhanced maneuverability," according to the company.
Designed by Robert Allan Ltd., naval architects and marine engineers of Vancouver, BC, Island Raider and the Island Regent (which is set for delivery in February, 2019) will complement the ITB Resolution, company's double-hulled oil tank barge.
Once the tug attaches to the notch of the barge, both are linked through an Articouple FRC 35S pin coupler system to "create a semi-rigid bond that allows the tug to pitch but not roll" and can move at 10 knots when fully loaded, according to the company.
"The Island Raider and Island Regent symbolize ITB's continuing commitment to safety, environmental stewardship, and customer service," said ITB president Adrian Samuel. "These ATBs were purpose-built – designed to serve our clients and the communities of Vancouver Island and along the BC Coast, as well as our customers in the Vancouver Harbor and the Puget Sound."
M/V National Geographic Venture
In September, Nichols Brothers Boat Builders launched M/V National Geographic Venture, the second of two cruise vessels commissioned by Lindblad Expeditions in 2015 for exploring the US west coast, Belize, Costa Rica and Panama.
Like its sister M/V National Geographic Quest – which Nichols Brothers declared in February "the most luxurious cruise vessel delivered by the yard to date" - the M/V National Geographic Venture is a state-of-the-art 238-foot by 44-foot by 10-foot Jones Act coastal cruise vessel that accommodates 100 passengers and 50 crew members comfortably, with 50 guest cabins with 22 private balconies, open decks to view wildlife, floor-to-ceiling windows, luxurious dining room, spa, gym and mud and exploration equipment room. It is made to navigate water spaces and remote areas where wildlife gather. Locations for exploration include coastal California, Baja, Alaska and the Pacific Northwest, according to Nichols Bros.
The vessel is environmentally friendly and is equipped with two cranes that launch eight service Zodiac boats for guests, as well as kayaks, paddle boards, snorkeling and other dive equipment and cameras for recording surrounding wildlife and scenery.
"A SplashCam and hydrophone enable guests to look and listen beneath the waves while an undersea specialist narrates, one of many specialists onboard each voyage," according to Nichols Bros.
These next-generation, expedition-driven vessels are also notable because they are the first ones designed and built solely in the US, according to Lindblad Expeditions-National Geographic.
"When we wanted to build the perfect ships to explore from Alaska to Central America, we turned to Nichols Brothers Boat Builders on Whidbey Island, Washington, the same company that built the very vessels we've used for the last 36 years," according to Lindblad.
That includes the National Geographic Sea Bird in 1981 and the National Geographic Sea Lion in 1982.
"Lindblad's work with Nichols Brothers will result in the only expedition ships of their kind built entirely in the United States – an endeavor that both companies could not be more proud of," according to Lindblad.
Shaver Transportation Company's newest addition is the Samantha S.
Designed by naval Architects Jensen Maritime and built by Diversified Marine Inc., the Portland, Oregon-based company's vessel is 112 feet long with a 44-foot beam and a 20-foot draft. It has a fuel capacity of 108,000 US gallons and can accommodate four to six crew members.
The Samantha S is outfitted with a pair of GE 12v250 medium speed diesels for main engines, a pair of Rolls Royce 305 four-bladed z-Drives, a pair of EPA Tier 3 John Deere 6090A generators and one Caterpillar C32 FiFi v1 power plant.
Deck machinery consists of eight deck winches, including a Wintech 120 ton (SWL), one Rapp HA-149H-250 escort winch, and a Rapp double drum AHTW-75H-165 tow winch providing a bollard pull of 230,000 pounds.
The Samantha S is an all-around tug that rounds out the company's fleet, said Samantha Bovich of Shaver.
The tug was built for escorts, ocean towing and ship assist and also has firefighting capabilities if needed, she said.
This Tier III tugboat received a new lease on life last spring, thanks to San Diego-based Pacific Tugboat Service.
The company renovated the former push tug American River, one of four multipurpose vessels that had been originally built for Crowley Marine at Colburg Shipyard in Napa, California.
The vessel was sold a few times before Pacific Tugboat acquired it in 2016 and worked on it like a major house remodel, from stripping the tug down to engine room frames to adding a new aluminum wheelhouse to outfitting it with twin Cummins QSK19 750-HP Tier 3 engines through ZF1800 4.4:1 reduction gears, and 60-inch, four blade stainless propellers inside Nautical nozzles, according to the company.
The new and improved tug, renamed Pacific Patriot, has triple main and double flanking rudders, a total shaft horsepower of 1,500 HP, as well as John Deere 75 kW and 100 kW generators and an electronics suite that includes Furuno Electronics.
Pacific Patriot has two Wintech 46 Ton facing wire winches with helm controls that make it easy for handling barges, with the headline/anchor handling winch being a DP 60,000lb hydraulic winch.
"Operating the Pacific Patriot has proven to be a pleasure," according to Pacific Tugboat. "The boat reacts as expected and does not balk at using full power or rudder combinations. As the newest CARB Tier III vessel on the market in California, Pacific Patriot should be a popular vessel in the Southern California dredging and marine construction industry."